NAWAPA - by Rolf Witzsche - Sept. 2011

NAWAPA

New American Water Agriculture and Power Alliance


the interglacial world is history
a 'smaller' world lies before us
between the 40 degree lines and focused onto the equator


in the face of the now rapidly changing climate 
and with the next Little Ice Age developing in the near term
we need to change the way we look at the world

thus the old NAWAPA is history, as it can never be 

the old NAWAPA aims to reach into the North 
bring water from Alaska to the dry southern deserts, 
and build a tunnel-link across the Bearing Strait
 to access the minerals in Siberia

It is a dream now lost to the coming snow

 

the development focus needs to be outside the permafrost circle, focused towards the equator where humanity's future lies and with it a NAWAPA that extends across the entire 'remaining' American continent

A New American Water Agriculture and Power Alliance

This is a new NAWAPA, southward oriented and contained between the 40 degree latitudes. It is focused onto the tropics with floating bridges and floating agriculture built with new materials, new industrial processes, and new infinitely available energy resources. It is a short-term project in nature, an emergency response to the increasing trend that has begun towards colder, drier, and more unstable climates as the world is moving towards another Little Ice Age and beyond that to the normal Pleistocene Climate that promises to be 30 times colder still.

The new NAWAPA proposal replaces the old NAWAPA of the 1960s that sought to divert a portion of the rivers that flow into the arctic seas, southward across 2000 miles of mountains into the dry desert areas of the southern USA and northern Mexico. The 1960s proposal was for a giant project of 360 major infrastructures of dams, tunnels, aqueducts, reservoirs, and pump-lifts, spanning 50 years in construction until the first water would flow, which may never actually flow as in 50 years time the sub-arctic source for the water would likely be owned by the snow that then no longer melts.

The proposal presented here is for a project that can easily meet the original goal and far supercede it, and in addition meet the challenge that the approaching new Ice Age is laying before humanity to create new agricultural resources for its food supply. The new proposal for a NAWAPA would achieve all of this in a fraction of the time of the 1960s proposal, and do it with immediate benefits in creased food production instead of the 50-year delayed benefits under the old NAWAPA proposal.

 


The new NAWAPA development arena

The trace lines on the above satellite map trace the seasonal hurricane tracks. The presence of hurricanes initially 'forces' the development focus directly onto the equator that is free of hurricanes, where the global mass-agricultural development needs to take place since the tropical oceans are the new frontier with a near infinite development potential. They offer the least resistance, built as floating systems, and an excellent potential for efficient year-round high speed rail transportation between the continents. For agricultural efficiency the floating tropical systems offer the best possible large scale agriculture development that can be achieved, and this far from the unfolding cold in the North and South. Also they offer the best possible fresh water collection potential for this development, and in addition the closest infrastructure distance to the cosmic electric energy that powers the Sun, surrounds the Earth, and becomes concentrated in the ionosphere as equatorial electrojets that presently power the system of hurricanes, tornadoes, and lightning. 

Also the American development needs to be on a continental scale, because nothing less will be sufficient, and fit into the larger arena of the World Development Project that the human future depends on, on this planet.

For a new NAWAPA, the combined resources of all the American nations are required. No nation can survive alone in the changing world that is increasingly claimed by the cold and the snow. This requirement applies primarily to the greatest development resource that humanity has, which is not located primarily in land, oil, minerals, and water, but in the human scientific, technological, creative, and productive potential.

The old world is already fading in many respects, with or without the advancing snow that stands on the horizon with the next Little Ice Age already developing and the Pleistocene climate being not too far off. Civilization is breaking down. Starvation is claiming its victims by the millions now, possibly up to 100 million a year.

In this context the old NAWAPA project for bringing a small river of water from Alaska and Northern Canada, across 2,000 miles of mountains to irrigate the deserts in the South for a marginal increase in food production after 50-years of construction, would be at best vastly inadequate to meet the need if it was built, or at worst be completely useless. It would become totally useless if its source in the high north would remain as but snow, as it likely will in 50 years of the progressively colder climate that is now upon us and will likely continue for some decades on the unavoidable path to the resumption of the Pleistocene climate, as unpredictable in timing as this may be.

We don't know what effect the Little Ice Age had in Alaska and Northern Canada, since civilization hadn't reached that far north in the late 1600s. But we do know that the coming Pleistocene climate that we are heading towards, promises to be more than 30 times colder than the Little Ice Age had been that we may be experiencing again soon on the way to still colder times.

Against this background it becomes obvious that a new approach is needed for both securing and expanding the American and World food supply. From this need arises the New American Water Agriculture and Power Alliance for an ice age renaissance, in contrast to the old NAWAPA for bringing a river of water from Alaska. 

Here is what an updated NAWAPA looks like.


The power component of NAWAPA

The world's energy resources are fading. Coal, oil, gas are all limited and to precious to burn. Standard nuclear power too, is fading with the dwindling of the readily accessible uranium resources. Standard nuclear fission power will soon find its remaining most efficient application in activating thorium, for it to become fissionable, to start the high-temperature Liquid Fluoride Thorium Reactor (LIFTR) system that inherently is self-breeding. There exists a relatively large supply of thorium in the world, more than enough to power the basalt shaping industrial processes to build the floating infrastructures and meet the housing requirements in a changing world. The increasing regression towards ice age conditions will invariably cause mass migrations with the need to rapidly create new cities around the newly developing industries and infrastructures, including the floating agriculture.

But thorium power too, is ultimately limited and insufficient to meet the growing development needs. The continuing development of humanity requires a new energy resource with a potential energy-flux density and resource availability that is at least a magnitude greater than what is running the world today. The energy steps from wood, to coal, to oil and gas, have each been in the range of that kind of increase in magnitude. Standard nuclear power doesn't have the fuel resource to be the next step in achieving the continuing magnitude of increase. This requirement, it appears, can only be met with tapping into the cosmic electric power system that powers the Sun and also surrounds the Earth.

NAWAPA - the dawn of the anti-entropic age

We don't know how energetic the cosmic system is on earth, but considering the energy that is being drawn from it that powers the hurricanes, there is a near infinite resource available to us that is self-renewing and is of a type that tends to become stronger the more of it is being used. The interface to this resource happens to be located in two bands encircling the planet near the equator where the future development thrust needs to be located for climate reasons.

A new NAWAPA needs to be focused right from the start on the development of cosmic electric energy, and this in a big way, because that is where humanity's energy-future is located, just as its agricultural future is located in the tropical equatorials seas. Both developments are critical and need to be pursued simultaneously as a single project, not in isolation. While there is enough thorium-based nuclear power potential available to carry out the entire development of the world, the cosmic energy system offers a richer resource that fits the anti-entropic nature of global development. For this reason, the cosmic resource will be intensively developed.

In the new NAWAPA region the highest density link to the cosmic power-resource is located near the West Coast of South America, where enough of it appears accessible to meet the energy needs of both American continents. A similar situation exist over Africa, and near Australia and Indonesia, and a fourth exists in the mid-Pacific.

The development of this resource would be the primary power-component of a serious New American Water Agriculture and Power Alliance project. Nothing in the history of of humanity comes close to the development power that flows from this kind of electric energy development. No form of electric-energy development of this magnitude has ever occurred or even been envisioned in the entire history of our planet. It becomes humanity's entrance into the anti-entropic age. 


The Water component of NAWAPA

Water is the most basic stuff of life. Humanity cannot live without it, neither can agriculture exist without it, and we do need agriculture to produce our food. It is a major component of the global food supply. Fishing doesn't have the required productive density for the scale of its environment, the oceans, to meet humanity's food needs. Fishing was sufficiently dense to meet the minuscule world population of 1 to 10 million people that lived through the last Ice Age. For a greater population density, agriculture is, and will always be, where the bulk of the dinner is coming from. For this water is needed, with a supply density sufficient to meet the requirement.

The current supply density is adequate to meet the need at the present stage, but the supply density is changing. With the now accelerating trend to lower global average temperatures, the evaporation rate is dropping, whereby the atmosphere is getting increasingly drier. This is an unavoidable consequence of the electric climate cycle that the earth is subjected to that affects itself through a weaker Sun and a weaker heliosphere, and so on. The connection is well understood in the oasis of science that has remained honest, versus political. 

The climate trend doesn't pose a great problem as it is easy to work around it with some simple projects of water management.

The Missouri, Mississippi, and Ohio River catchments basin

Most of the rainfall in the USA falls in the Missouri, Mississippi, and Ohio River catchments basin, the green patch above, that drains through the Mississippi River into the Gulf of Mexico. The current rain density in the green-patch region is in the range of 40 to 70 inches per year. 

Much of that drains unused into the Gulf. The water density in this area is sufficient to supply the agricultural needs in the area possibly for as long as agriculture can be maintained there in the face of the southward creeping colder climate of the Little Ice Age transition that has, according to all evidence, already begun. A complete upgrading of the water management system for flood control that becomes increasingly necessary, and with a nuclear powered distribution networks for irrigation will of course be required in the immediate years ahead during the Little-Ice-Age transition period towards the deeper cooling. In this trend, the currently increasing floods and droughts will likely escalate over the next 50 years. 

The 10-20 inch rainfall region from the Dakotas to Texas

This region of the high plains is semi-arid. It doesn't need to be so. Its own water resources are quite substantial. It has numerous rivers flowing across it that drain unused into the Mississippi basin, largely unused, adding to the Mississippi excess that drains into the Gulf.

Efficient water management, storage, and a nuclear powered distribution pipeline network can make the entire area self-sufficient in water for agriculture, for as long as agriculture will remain viable in this area. If need be, the distribution network could be augmented from the outflow of the Mississippi.

The Mississippi has an enormous outflow volume that drains unused into the Gulf. In comparison the envision input into the USA from the old NAWAPA plan is rather small. The envisioned input is to be drawn from the Mackenzie and Yukon Rivers that produce an outflow into the oceans at an annual rate of 409 million acre-feet per year. Under the updated 1960s NAWAPA plan, 160 million acre-feet per year of this fresh water would be diverted southward (app. 39% of it), derived primarily from the tributaries. From the corresponding total average volume of 6,260 cubic meters per second (equivalent to 160 MAF), Canada would receive 22%, mostly destined for the Great Lakes, and the United States would receive 78% (or 4,800 cubic meters per second, equivalent to about 64% of the current average outflow of the Columbia River into the Pacific ocean at 7,500 cm/s; or 37% of the Mississippi outflow into the Gulf of Mexico at 12,700 cm/s) 

In other words, there is plenty of spare capacity in the Mississippi River system to augment any needs the high plains may develop.

Southeastern deserts

The needs of this area can be supplied from the outflow of the Mississippi River, across the Gulf via a thin-walled artery afloat in the Golf itself, routed to bypass the oil fields, and on land feeding a nuclear powered distribution pipeline network. The entire area that is located nicely far into the south could be made into an important food producing region by the extensive use of irrigation.

The old NAWAPA plan offers little for the region

 

The southern U.S. desert region

The main focus of the old NAWAPA plan is on the U.S. southwestern desert region that likewise has an extensive agricultural development potential. However, the provision under the old plan for this desert region is rather small, too small for it to make a big difference.

The most efficient source supplying this region with a meaningful influx of fresh water, would be the Columbia River that likewise flows unused into the sea, and also the Fraser River slightly farther to the North. The outflow from these rivers is more than 5 times larger than the old NAWAPA provision for this region. Even under increasingly colder and drier conditions, their flow volume, though diminishing, would be more than adequate to sustain agriculture in the southwestern deserts for as long as this agriculture itself would be needed.

Efficient agriculture is bound to become increasingly important over the next 50 years, within the time frame between the Canadian and northern U.S. agriculture becoming disabled by the increasing cold, and the tropical floating agriculture coming on line, which takes a bit longer to develop.

The Nevada high-desert basin

The high-elevation desert area of the Nevada Great Basin is located too far north and too high to be a significant agricultural region. However, its wide open flat areas makes this region ideal for new massive industrial developments. The water resources to sustain the industrialization and needed new cities, already exist in the region in the form of the Snake River that originates in the high-rainfall region to the north of it, and in other Columbia tributaries. Proper water management in this region, which presently doesn't exist, and a nuclear-powered distribution system feeding off the Snake River and other Columbia River tributaries, can supply this region adequately for a long time to come before external inputs will be needed.


The Alliance component of NAWAPA

The New American Water Agriculture and Power Alliance cannot be seen as being focused only on the American Continent itself, but should be seen as a component of a worldwide development alliance to meet the global freshwater needs for industrial and civil development.

 

At the current stage where the local resources are already insufficient in many parts of the world, especially in Africa, and while the world is getting drier in the increasingly colder climate, the water resources of the Amazon River will become increasingly needed. The Amazon dumps 219,000 cubic meters per second (35 times the volume of the old NAWAPA project) into the Atlantic Ocean, unused. This volume is more than sufficient to supply all of the American and African needs, feeding also into the Middle East, and Europe. While some internal development projects for Africa exist on the books, such as the Transaqua Project to revitalize Lake Chad, much more is needed for Africa and the Middle East that offer the largest open spaces and large areas sufficiently close to the equator to be agriculturally useful. The needed fresh water for these areas could be transported efficiently in 'thin-walled' arteries afloat in the oceans, made of basalt fabric and produced in high-temperature automated industrial processes.

The outflow of the Congo River (40,000 cm/s) would also be added as a further input into the network, and likewise the outflow of the Orinoco River in Venezuela (33,000 cm/s), and the Parana River in Brazil (25,000 cm/s). The resulting Atlantic fresh-water collection and distribution system would quickly span most of the Atlantic region. The system will then not only meet the needs of the water-starved regions of the USA, Mexico, and South America, but would also water the Sahara, Arabia, and the water-starved regions in Africa and South Asia. 

The Atlantic system, being fed from the tropics, would not be dramatically affected by the advancing glaciation in the north. Also with the system being fully contained in water-tight arteries, the water delivered would not be subject to increased mineralization along the way. All of these factors make such a system so highly attractive that it will surely be built in the near future.

A similar system, though with a lesser capacity, would most likely be build in the Asia Pacific region with the Yangtze River (31,000 cm/s) feeding into it, and the Brahmaputra River  (19,200 cm/s), the Ganges River in India (12,300 cm/s), the Pearl River in China (13,600 cm/s), the Ayeyarwady River  in Myanmar (13,000 cm/s), and the Indus River in Pakistan (7,100 cm/s), and some other great rivers. 

With the introduction of this single new technology of water-in-water conveyance, for which all the materials and energy resources are available, and which requires little energy to operate, the living conditions of the entire planet can be uplifted.

The tropical agriculture development

A similar huge increase in the power of humanity to uplift its civilization could be achieved with the technology of floating bridges and floating agriculture extending from them, made of basalt of course, with the modules produced in automated industrial processes. 

The floating agriculture bridges would span the world. In the Americas they would extend from Ecuador West, all the way to the East Side of Africa, and from Brazil East to Western Africa. The North American connection would likely bypass the Darien Gap and create a major development region around it

A second transportation link would likely be built from Florida across the Caribbean, sufficiently fortified to withstand hurricanes, with a second link from Brazil to the Congo likely being added. The additional link across the Caribbean would likely turn the entire Caribbean basin into a large development area.

In a similar manner the additional link to Africa would create a gigantic development arena right across the Pacific.

It is tempting to think that these projects will never be built. Countless arguments stand against them, all based on the notions that the projects are too massive and on grounds of difficulties in monetarist financing, the kind of argumentation that has choked every great project in the past.

The reality lies in the opposite. All of these projects will not only be built once humanity gets its head out of the sand of oligarchism and creates its own development financing, but they will all be built simultaneously. Once the industrial infrastructures are built the actual production of the modules for the projects runs almost on its own. With infinite availability of materials and energy, and industrial infrastructures for automated production being created, the productive power of humanity will become increased by several orders of magnitude, so that these now giant-seeming projects will appear small. They won't appear as a burden then, or as a challenge, but as an opportunity for enriching human living and civilization. Financing won't be a problem, as each project increases the value of the currency that is generated to produce it. The days will then have ended when wealth is sought in money. Wealth will then be found in what is being produced. Facing the Ice Age Challenge has the potential to cause this shift from monetarist poverty to real riches, to happen.

All project and more, will be carried out simultaneously. The whole world is presently dying of the disease of poverty, drowning in slums, disabled with homelessness, choked with slavery-wages and unemployment. The youth of the world sees no future on this trek to hell laced with wars and terrorism, which we still call a civilization. When the flood gates are opened towards a real future for humanity, the laborers wont be few, but will line up at the gate on the way towards a useful and fulfilling existence. And with the kind of automated industrial infrastructure that creates the project modules, free universal housing will become one of the natural components of a society investing in its own welfare, together with free education, healthcare, and public transportation, and so on.

The entire tropical development project will then likely be started at numerous places simultaneously, with the entire world participating, once the word gets around that "ther's gold in them thar tropics," like sand, gold expressed in food abundance and quality of living that for most today seems like a utopian dream. And the tropics won't disappoint. The tropics have the highest density of rainfall, the highest CO2 density, uninterrupted growing seasons, and the warmest temperatures on the planet that the return of the Ice Age won't likely ever effect in a significant manner.

That's the NAWAPA that will be built. Its nature is anti-entropic. And it will be build as a part of a far flung global development that no one has to push, that the benefits themselves will drive.

NAWAPA is meaningless without a global alliance and global development. It is not possible to develop one portion of the world and not the rest. Humanity is one. On this platform amazing development is possible. On this platform the world becomes anti-entropic. Without it nothing would happen.


The old NAWAPA is entropic

It will not be built, because its source is diminishing. It lacks technology that could compensate for the disabling climate condition of the world. For this reason it will not be built. Should it be attempted under tragic assumptions, it will simply fade into oblivion long before it becomes completed. It will then be just one of a number of great projects that didn't keep up with the growing needs, or where stopped when their efficiency was too low to meet the need. This is a form of entropy too.

The world is presently full of unwise pursuits, such as the nuclear-fusion folly.

Some pursuits are truly impossible to ever be realized. The dream of nuclear-fusion power falls into this category. Enormous resources are poured into the development effort, in a grand waste, while it is evident that the dream can never come true. The game is run on the scientific fraud of the fusion Sun theory. It is well known that nuclear fusion is an energy consuming process. We get some of that energy back when atoms fission, which gives us nuclear power. All of the so-called nuclear fusion-power projects, are really fission-power projects. When deuterium and tritium are forced to fuse, the resulting process fissions off a high-energy neutron with the energy previously invested in producing the tritium. The fusion-power projects fail for these reasons. Tritium doesn't exist naturally. It needs to be manufactured in a nuclear reactor, and that's a slow process. The experimentation alone with the huge international ITER reactor, if it gets built, will consume the world supply of the titium before the project completes. And even if the project did work by some miracle, it would be useless as an energy system, because the high-energy neutrons of the energy release, destroy the metals the reactors are made of. Fusion power is a dead-end dream.

(See: 2011 - Nuclear Fusion Power Delusion)

One writer puts it this way:

There is considerable “spin-off” from basic research and much may trickle down from fusion research, which may well justify some level of public expenditure in evaluating plasma and tritium properties, but the suggestion that ITER can lead to a new dawn of cheap, limitless energy is an illusion. The proponents have described insurmountable problems as “challenges”; such is but playing with words. ITER simply is never going to work for more than a few seconds and (if allowed) will rapidly use up the world’s inventory of tritium. Its DEMO successor will never be built. (http://www.after-oil.co.uk/ITER.htm)

Nuclear fusion-power is a dream that should never have been started, because what it is based on isn't real. The fusion-powered sun doesn't exist. It is based on a concept that is observed in molecular chemistry where the binding energy is less for larger molecular structures than it is for smaller ones. In this case latent energy is released by combining a number of elements into a larger structure, as in the case of a burning candle where oxygen and carbon are combined. On combining, their energy fields overlap. The excess is released as energy powering the flame. 

This principle doesn't apply to fusing atomic nuclei where completely different nuclear principles and processes are involved. A large investment in energy is required to break through the repelling Coulomb barrier in order to build a larger nucleus. The invested energy is the latent energy that is released when an atom breaks apart in the case of nuclear fission. The fusion-sun theory is disputed on this basis. Nuclear fusion is typically an energy consuming process, from which nuclear fission power is derived in reverse order. It is assumed that the gravity of the Sun is sufficient to overcome the Coulomb barrier. If this was so, it would be a case where the weakest force in the universe is overcoming one of the strongest forces. It has not been demonstrated that gravity can 'crush' an atom to cause fusion and the resulting fusion, which represents a greater energy state, is producing energy in the process. The fusion-sun theory is evidently as full of holes as the black-holes theory, neither of which has a basis to exist in observed physics, or is supported by observed evidence.

Instead of the sun being a fusion furnace, it is electrically powered externally, in a plasma-electric reaction. In this reaction atoms are built. When we manage to reverse the atomic building, by fission, we get some of the energy back that built it. That is why we need heavy isotopes that fission, to demonstrate the illusion of fusion power. 


In perspective

The point is that the fusion-power concept is itself entropic and is dying its natural death as any illusion does. And the correlative point is the the old NAWAPA project is of the same nature. The fusion-power concept was dead before it started, because necessary fuel resources do not exist. It is the same with the old NAWAPA project. It relies on a source that most likely won't exist when the project would be completed after 50 years of construction. The source by then would be snow that never melts.

Another comparison presents the same picture. The intense diversion of development resources and scientific focus directed onto fusion, has pushed the real power development potential in the background, unrealized, such as the Thorium power system for which America all by itself has unused fuel resources for 900,000 gigawatt years sitting unused on the ground while the technology was readily developed, proved, and then put on the shelf 50 years ago, which thereby has been effectively prevented from being used, while the world has bee taught to dream the dream of fusion-power that can never be. There is a real danger that the old NAWAPA project that can never become productive, will have the same effect by preventing the New American Water Agriculture and Power Alliance project that is essential for meeting the needs of America and the world during the Ice Age transition already in progress.  

The only form of NAWAPA that can possibly work is the big, New American Water Agriculture and Power Alliance project, which by its very nature gets bigger as it goes along, and its benefits get bigger, which is itself an integral part of the cosmic-power development project that has by the nature of the system infinite power resources. To argue against, retard, or prevent the New American Water Agriculture and Power Alliance project, is synonymous with actively paving the path to the destruction of civilization.

Any political event or system that is allowed to exist or happen, such as oligarchy, monetarism, terrorism, and war, that has a disabling effect against the needed development presented here, is suicidal for humanity, such as the fusion-power dream was 'suicidal' and still is, on the path towards an energy-rich future. 

The new NAWAPA is designed to set a new stage for humanity, and enable an anti-entropic future on all fronts.

 


See: 

Dynamic Ice Age Renaissance - DIAR - (Universal World Development - Dynamic Systemic Change - The Ice Age Challenge being met - The Reality of Humanity unfolding before us)

The Challenge of Leadership - 14 Dimensions - (in the context of 14 novels)

Can One be Certain About the Timing of the Near Ice Age?

The Unauthorized Hurricane

More on NAWAPA at Index 2010 

 

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Published by Cygni Communications Ltd. North Vancouver, BC, Canada - (C) in public domain - producer Rolf A. F. Witzsche