One single thread pervades the pages of history
Its face is that of an endless threat
Its name is
The killer of civilization
common enemy of mankind
One single thread pervades the pages of history of the last five millennia. It represents the greatest threat to civilization ever. The name of this threat is empire.
Empire had many faces with many identifiers attached to them, such as the Roman, Persian, Venetian, Ottoman, Austro Hungarian, and British Empire, and so on. But those faces all look the same. They represent one single threat that is destroying civilization, one scourge with one common objective, that of the grand looting of mankind. Empire signifies grand theft on a scale that is limited only by the collapse of the victim or its resistance of it, which invariably follows, which thereby precipitates the collapse of empire itself.
The common face of empire is that is has never been a force for human development, for the simple reason that cultural and scientific development would invariably enable society to resist the thievery by which the masters of empire maintain their opulent living, their insane pomp, and their arrogant force. In earlier ages its wealth was derived from land ownership and slavery, such as the vast plantation system that was set up in the Americas, Russia, India, and Africa. Out of this developed the opium 'trade' that proved to be vastly more efficient as a method for looting society. The British Opium Wars against China nearly destroyed China from within. It looted the country and destroyed its people. The 'dope trade' is immensely destructive to a society, far more so than war. The British opium, produced in India, was thrust upon China with the force of war. War exists as a means for empire to break a people's resistance to the looting objectives of empire. War has always been an instrument for looting, and the hands behind the countless wars that have been fought in the world, have always been the guiding hands of the masters of empire.
In today's world wars are still fought for this age-old objective of looting. In the Middle East the wars are waged for the oil profits. In Afghanistan the wars are waged to protect the opium production. Less than 2% of the dope profits flow back to the people of Afghanistan. The rest flows into the pockets of empire.
Of course, vastly bigger profits are stolen from the global society by the empire's evermore exotic financial schemes of thievery, such as by derivatives looting, to the point that the entire world has now been driven to the brink of financial, economic, and social collapse, which none of the bailout schemes and austerity schemes can cure, which only increase the speed of the collapse.
Few national leaders have understood, and this right to the present day, that the only enemy that mankind is facing and has ever faced, is empire. The leaders of the American colonies understood this and claimed their independence. The empire responded with war, but failed to claim their colonies back. The empire retaliated with the free-trade weapon that it had cleverly incorporated into the Paris Peace Treaty, which had promptly bankrupted the newly-formed USA, but Alexander Hamilton got wise to it and blocked this weapon. The empire responded again with war, this time instigating a war within the Union, to break it up, a war that had officially slavery standing at the center. In real term the American Civil War was not a war against slavery. It was a war to defend the Union against the advance of empire, and thereby defend mankind. In a sense, the defense of the Union in the Civil War was in defense of the common aim of all mankind for human dignity, self-development, and freedom from empire. Lincoln understood this to be the real purpose for defending the Union. With the defeat of the slavery-confederacy in the Americas, via the Union's victory in the Civil War, the British Empire suffered its third major defeat.
The first defeat occurred in 1781 when it lost is 13 American colonies in the War of Independence, which it lost.
This defeat of the British Empire happened when it failed to retain its colonies by the force of arms. A long struggle ensued, which ended with a French naval victory in the Chesapeake over the British, leading to a victory at Yorktown in 1781 and the surrender of the British army.
In 1783, the Treaty of Paris officially ended the war and recognized the sovereignty of the United States over the territory bounded by what is now Canada to the north, Florida to the south, and the Mississippi River to the west.
This defeat proved to the world that empire can be defeated. In response to the French support of American independence, the masters of empire set the French Revolution into motion, which it was able to control for its advantage, in which the intellectual elite of France fell victim to the guillotine, and from which its Emperor Napoleon emerged who took the war of empire all across Europe and then into Russia in an attempt to defeat it too.
Napoleon brought an army of over 600,000 soldiers into Russia (including reinforcements), against which Russia stood utterly impotent. But Russia was advised by the friend of a dead poet, a poet of freedom, Friedrich Schiller. He advised Russia not to fight, but to draw Napoleon deep into Russia and then turn its own weapon against him, the economic looting practice of empire, by waging war against Napoleon's supply line, thereby letting starvation and disease take their toll, as empire typically 'manages' its populations, such as with the poor laws or artificial famines in India. In Russia, the method of empire was brought against it by the light and agile forces of the Cossacks who hit the supply lines, against which the heavy war machine had no effective defense.
As irregular cavalry, these horsemen of the Russian steppes were best suited to reconnaissance, scouting, and harassing the enemy’s flanks and supply lines. Seldom were they committed to execute a conventional attack. The played the game of attrition in hit and run skirmishes. It is often said that the Russian winter destroyed Napoleon, as the above artistic rendering suggests. In real terms Napoleon was largely defeated long before the winter even began.
When Napoleon entered Moscow he had just barely over 100,000 men left of his Grand Army. And to make matters worse, he had come all this way to capture an empty city. Moscow had been evacuated before his arrival. There was not a soul left in the city to serves as slaves, except a few stragglers. Eventually the Russian patriots set the empty city ablaze at the onset of winter, thereby forcing Napoleon's retreat across a hostile and now icy land. Of the returning troops, only a few thousand made it back out of Russia alive.
The invasion of Russia had begun in April 1812. In the shadow of this invasion, in July of that year, the USA began its own war against the British who had blockaded its west-coast ports, enabled by logistical support from Canada. The Royal Navy had mastery of sea. With its sea power it had pirated the American merchant fleet, abducted its seamen. The blockade had devastated American agricultural exports, though it helped stimulate local factories that replaced goods previously imported. The American strategy of using small gunboats to defend its ports proved to be so ineffective that the British raided the coast at will, including its arrogant "Burning of Washington" - the British burning of the White House, the Capitol, the Navy Yard, and other public buildings. The British power at sea was great that the Royal Navy was able to levy "contributions" on seaside towns in return for the British promise to not burn them to the ground.
But, the Americans learned and became successful in ship-to-ship actions. They built several fast frigates in its shipyard at Sackets Harbor, New York, and sent out privateers to attack British merchant ships. The defining use of naval power however played itself out on the Great Lakes. It became a contest of building ships. In 1813, the Americans won control of Lake Erie and cut off the British and Native American forces in the west of them, from their supplies.
By these battles the Americans were able to break up the tribal confederation of natives who fought alongside British troops, who where directly supplied and armed by British agents. The Americans ultimately gained control of Lake Champlain, and the naval victory there forced a large invading British army to turn back in 1814. The victory ended the trade restrictions and the kidnapping of American sailors at sea. In exchange, Great Britain and the United States agreed to a peace that left the prewar boundaries intact. As if in range, the empire turned its war against France and defeated it after the abdication of Napoleon. In a very real sense, the 1812-1814 timeframe was a black one for the masters of empire, as it became evermore evident that empire can be effectively defeated by denying it what it feeds on. Thereby, on both shores, the people had proved to themselves that a people have a choice to claim their freedom by simply recognizing that empire is ultimately not a power in its own right, but depends on the support of others with which it plays is oppressive games.
In Russia, the momentous victory over empire, that became known as the Great Patriotic War of 1812, was so monumental in scope, and also in the perception of society, that two great monuments for the commemoration of the event were built. One of these was the Kazan Cathedral in Saint Petersburg, and the other the Cathedral of Christ the Saviour in Moscow. Both were built to commemorate the people's freedom-victory over the greatest military force of empire ever assembled up to this time, served up by Napoleon.
It is said that in the spring of 1880, it had been suggested to Tchaikovsky that he should write a piece for the consecration of the great Temple of Christ in Moscow, commemorating the events of the year 1812. The request apparently was accepted and composition was promptly completed in 1880. It is said that Tchaikovsky’s fantasia of the victory as a overture for the festivities was to be performed in the public square in front of the cathedral, by a colossal orchestra, with the big drums to be replaced by salvos of artillery. No account remains to verify that this actually happened.
In the intervening 130 years the festival overture was performed many thousands of times, but to the present moment not a single recording of these performance exists in the public domain. Tchaikovsky's great cultural contribution for the celebration of a profound historic event has by copyright laws been reduced to an item of marketable merchandise, which is now prohibited from being shared. The culture of freedom has, sadly, become profit creating merchandise.
It is not surprising then, that in the light of the degeneration of culture that has its own long history, the great cathedral in Moscow that was built as a monument to freedom from empire, was eventually dynamited in 1931 during the rule of Joseph Stalin, a devoted ideologue of empire.
However, the cathedral was eventually rebuilt, lest the patriotic victory over empire become forgotten. In 1990 permission was given by the Soviet Government for the church to rebuild the destroyed cathedral. The task was completed ten years later in August 2000. About one million Muscovites had donated money for the rebuilding project.
Perhaps in due course its celebration music will likewise come into the public domain again. In the mean time we may allow the music of Johan Sebastian Bach to inspire us, whose grand music was created as if it were in celebration of the most profound victory over empire of all times, with the Peace of Westphalia in 1648 and its principle of the advantage of the other. Bach's celebratory music, like that of Thaikovsky, came about 70 years after the event. It evidently took that long for the profundity of the event to become recognized, and for the kind of musical composition to be developed that would do justice to it. It was evidently a significant challenge to create the kind of music that says is so many ways that it is not only possible to defeat empire on its own home ground, but that this is natural and joyous.
Here is an example of Bach's music:
Click on the above to play the music - or right-click to download.
The much later defeat of the plans of empire during the American Civil War may have been made possible by Tsar Nicholas II of Russia, who in 1863 allowed the Russian Navy's Atlantic and Pacific Fleets to winter in the American ports of New York and San Francisco. This "permission" may have been the decisive factor in deterring both France and England from entering the war on the Confederate side. It is even being said that the Tsar had offered Lincoln the command of the Russian Navy should France and England intervene. The Tsar may have had the 1812 attack by empire on Russia still vividly in his mind. It certainly was still in the public's mind as the original building of the great cathedral in Moscow illustrates that was evidently under consideration at this time. Thus, a breath of freedom aids the movements of freedom everywhere. It even proves that the same choice, by its principle once demonstrated, remains still valid today.
President Lincoln also had further plans in his mind for the defeat of empire in the years after the Civil War. His goal was to not only end slavery as a system, which destroys a nation from within, but to also break up the large imperial plantation-estates that were a part of the power-system of empire. Lincoln, unfortunately for mankind as a whole, was assassinated before his plans could be implemented.
The USA was eventually defeated by empire, subversively. This was done with its own Federal Reserve Act that gave its economic life blood, its money supply and credit creation, into the hands of the masters of empire. The USA became, and remained, a defeated nation, ever since that day in 1913, except for the brief span of time of the President Franklin Roosevelt years when the financial powers of empire had been significantly curtailed, and had been required by law to serve the general welfare of society.
After Roosevelt's death, the government of the USA became effectively a branch office of the British Empire via the conduit of Atlanticism. Since the death of Roosevelt, with a few rare exceptions, the USA had no real American President occupying the White House, according to the mandate of the office, but maintained essentially Viceroys of empire there.
Today, the future of mankind hangs in the balance, depending on whether the USA can be restored to its historic role as a bulwark against empire, and a force for the common freedom and well-being of mankind. If the current U.S. President Obama could be replaced with an acting President once again, the rule of empire in the world could be brought to a close once and for all, because then there would be enough power in the hands of society worldwide to bring in a new age of renaissance . The 'dope trade' would then be shut down, instead of being protected. Right now the masters of empire pushing their dope in a new Opium War with all their might, as their last remaining cash cow, in order to keep themselves afloat a bit longer.
The financial looting of the world would likewise be terminated, if President Obama would step down from the post he refuses to fulfill. The financial looting of the world would then be terminated instead of it being facilitated evermore strongly as we have it today. Also economic development, which is currently being prevented, would be restarted on a grand scale to make up for the lost centuries that have become centuries of increasing poverty and destruction around the world. The world food supply could be tripled with ease, and at prices determined by the cost of production, rather than by the looting greed of speculators and imperial blocking factors, such as those that are creating artificial food shortages by burning the food in automobiles while more than a billion people in the world are forced to live in chronic starvation.
The liberation of the world from empire may yet happen. The time is ripe. The strength of empire, its looting practice, is collapsing at its very center. The only lifeline that keeps empire afloat is the American bailout commitment to the tune of tens of trillions of dollars, and to some degree the looting of Brazil. While this is happening, the American population is squeezed to the breaking point with Presidential austerity demands and murderous healthcare cuts. With the population becoming enraged over this Presidential attack on society, the empire stands to loose its puppet in the White House by a process of impeachment or requested resignation. The empire is evidently well aware of this possibility, and that if it should happen all the Obama laws that were rammed through with force could be repealed over night. The empire may attempt to prevent this with its own assassination of the President, who thereby becoming a martyr, would not likely have its laws repealed, especially if a military dictatorship could be installed in the USA in the background to an assassination crisis, which the empire is already promoting from its highest pulpits. Only the removal of the President by constitutional means can prevent this, thereby rescuing the Constitution itself. How this fast developing crisis will play itself out, cannot be determined. There is a real chance the final defeat of empire may happen in the immediate time ahead. The global society could also commit suicide by staying its course, and remaining latched to empire and collapse with it under its yoke.
In time, however, the rule of empire will end, because empire has no natural foundation or a universal principle to support its existence. All universal principle support the renaissance process. Its day is inevitable. Its dawn has already begun, spasmodically as it has been so far. With this considered, a profound question unfolds before us: Do we wish to see the inevitable happening in our lifetime? The choice is ours. The choice is possible today. Several times in the past, empire has been defeated. It can be defeated again, and this time completely. If we answer no, however, and fail to take the required steps that bring a new renaissance to the world, then we will all go down together with the self-doomed empire that has destroyed the world and itself from within, with its looting folly. If we choose not to defeat empire, we will perish in the resulting new dark age as mankind has perished before when the great moments in its history have found a little people - such as nations standing as mice instead of as men. In this case, for as long as empire plays a role on this planet, history will repeat itself as it did - see: Three faces before the bombing
Published by Cygni Communications Ltd. North Vancouver, BC, Canada - 2010 Rolf A. F. Witzsche